cudanexus / ocr-surya

Surya is a document OCR toolkit that does:

  • Public
  • 2.6K runs
  • GitHub
  • License

Input

Output

Run time and cost

This model runs on Nvidia T4 GPU hardware. Predictions typically complete within 26 seconds. The predict time for this model varies significantly based on the inputs.

Readme

Surya

Surya is a document OCR toolkit that does:

  • Accurate OCR in 90+ languages
  • Line-level text detection in any language
  • Table and chart detection (coming soon)

It works on a range of documents (see usage and benchmarks for more details).

Detection OCR
New York Times Article Detection New York Times Article Recognition

Surya is named for the Hindu sun god, who has universal vision.

Community

Discord is where we discuss future development.

Examples

Name Text Detection OCR
Japanese Image Image
Chinese Image Image
Hindi Image Image
Arabic Image Image
Chinese + Hindi Image Image
Presentation Image Image
Scientific Paper Image Image
Scanned Document Image Image
New York Times Image Image
Scanned Form Image Image
Textbook Image Image

Installation

You’ll need python 3.9+ and PyTorch. You may need to install the CPU version of torch first if you’re not using a Mac or a GPU machine. See here for more details.

Install with:

pip install surya-ocr

Model weights will automatically download the first time you run surya. Note that this does not work with the latest version of transformers 4.37+ yet, so you will need to keep 4.36.2, which is installed with surya.

Usage

  • Inspect the settings in surya/settings.py. You can override any settings with environment variables.
  • Your torch device will be automatically detected, but you can override this. For example, TORCH_DEVICE=cuda. For text detection, the mps device has a bug (on the Apple side) that may prevent it from working properly.

Interactive App

I’ve included a streamlit app that lets you interactively try Surya on images or PDF files. Run it with:

pip install streamlit
surya_gui

OCR (text recognition)

You can OCR text in an image, pdf, or folder of images/pdfs with the following command. This will write out a json file with the detected text and bboxes, and optionally save images of the reconstructed page.

surya_ocr DATA_PATH --images --langs hi,en
  • DATA_PATH can be an image, pdf, or folder of images/pdfs
  • --langs specifies the language(s) to use for OCR. You can comma separate multiple languages (I don’t recommend using more than 4). Use the language name or two-letter ISO code from here. Surya supports the 90+ languages found in surya/languages.py.
  • --lang_file if you want to use a different language for different PDFs/images, you can specify languages here. The format is a JSON dict with the keys being filenames and the values as a list, like {"file1.pdf": ["en", "hi"], "file2.pdf": ["en"]}.
  • --images will save images of the pages and detected text lines (optional)
  • --results_dir specifies the directory to save results to instead of the default
  • --max specifies the maximum number of pages to process if you don’t want to process everything
  • --start_page specifies the page number to start processing from

The results.json file will contain a json dictionary where the keys are the input filenames without extensions. Each value will be a list of dictionaries, one per page of the input document. Each page dictionary contains:

  • text_lines - the detected text and bounding boxes for each line
  • text - the text in the line
  • polygon - the polygon for the text line in (x1, y1), (x2, y2), (x3, y3), (x4, y4) format. The points are in clockwise order from the top left.
  • bbox - the axis-aligned rectangle for the text line in (x1, y1, x2, y2) format. (x1, y1) is the top left corner, and (x2, y2) is the bottom right corner.
  • languages - the languages specified for the page
  • page - the page number in the file
  • image_bbox - the bbox for the image in (x1, y1, x2, y2) format. (x1, y1) is the top left corner, and (x2, y2) is the bottom right corner. All line bboxes will be contained within this bbox.

Performance tips

Setting the RECOGNITION_BATCH_SIZE env var properly will make a big difference when using a GPU. Each batch item will use 50MB of VRAM, so very high batch sizes are possible. The default is a batch size 256, which will use about 12.8GB of VRAM. Depending on your CPU core count, it may help, too - the default CPU batch size is 32.

From python

from PIL import Image
from surya.ocr import run_ocr
from surya.model.detection.segformer import load_model as load_det_model, load_processor as load_det_processor
from surya.model.recognition.model import load_model as load_rec_model
from surya.model.recognition.processor import load_processor as load_rec_processor

image = Image.open(IMAGE_PATH)
langs = ["en"] # Replace with your languages
det_processor, det_model = load_det_processor(), load_det_model()
rec_model, rec_processor = load_rec_model(), load_rec_processor()

predictions = run_ocr([image], [langs], det_model, det_processor, rec_model, rec_processor)

Text line detection

You can detect text lines in an image, pdf, or folder of images/pdfs with the following command. This will write out a json file with the detected bboxes.

surya_detect DATA_PATH --images
  • DATA_PATH can be an image, pdf, or folder of images/pdfs
  • --images will save images of the pages and detected text lines (optional)
  • --max specifies the maximum number of pages to process if you don’t want to process everything
  • --results_dir specifies the directory to save results to instead of the default

The results.json file will contain a json dictionary where the keys are the input filenames without extensions. Each value will be a list of dictionaries, one per page of the input document. Each page dictionary contains:

  • bboxes - detected bounding boxes for text
  • bbox - the axis-aligned rectangle for the text line in (x1, y1, x2, y2) format. (x1, y1) is the top left corner, and (x2, y2) is the bottom right corner.
  • polygon - the polygon for the text line in (x1, y1), (x2, y2), (x3, y3), (x4, y4) format. The points are in clockwise order from the top left.
  • vertical_lines - vertical lines detected in the document
  • bbox - the axis-aligned line coordinates.
  • horizontal_lines - horizontal lines detected in the document
  • bbox - the axis-aligned line coordinates.
  • page - the page number in the file
  • image_bbox - the bbox for the image in (x1, y1, x2, y2) format. (x1, y1) is the top left corner, and (x2, y2) is the bottom right corner. All line bboxes will be contained within this bbox.

Performance tips

Setting the DETECTOR_BATCH_SIZE env var properly will make a big difference when using a GPU. Each batch item will use 280MB of VRAM, so very high batch sizes are possible. The default is a batch size 32, which will use about 9GB of VRAM. Depending on your CPU core count, it might help, too - the default CPU batch size is 2.

From python

from PIL import Image
from surya.detection import batch_detection
from surya.model.segformer import load_model, load_processor

image = Image.open(IMAGE_PATH)
model, processor = load_model(), load_processor()

# predictions is a list of dicts, one per image
predictions = batch_detection([image], model, processor)

Limitations

  • This is specialized for document OCR. It will likely not work on photos or other images.
  • Surya is for OCR - the goal is to recognize the text lines correctly, not sort them into reading order. Surya will attempt to sort the lines, which will work in many cases, but use something like marker or other postprocessing if you need to order the text.
  • It is for printed text, not handwriting (though it may work on some handwriting).
  • The model has trained itself to ignore advertisements.
  • You can find language support for OCR in surya/languages.py. Text detection should work with any language.

Troubleshooting

If OCR isn’t working properly:

  • Try increasing resolution of the image so the text is bigger. If the resolution is already very high, try decreasing it to no more than a 2048px width.
  • Preprocessing the image (binarizing, deskewing, etc) can help with very old/blurry images.
  • You can adjust DETECTOR_BLANK_THRESHOLD and DETECTOR_TEXT_THRESHOLD if you don’t get good results. DETECTOR_BLANK_THRESHOLD controls the space between lines - any prediction below this number will be considered blank space. DETECTOR_TEXT_THRESHOLD controls how text is joined - any number above this is considered text. DETECTOR_TEXT_THRESHOLD should always be higher than DETECTOR_BLANK_THRESHOLD, and both should be in the 0-1 range. Looking at the heatmap from the debug output of the detector can tell you how to adjust these (if you see faint things that look like boxes, lower the thresholds, and if you see bboxes being joined together, raise the thresholds).

Manual install

If you want to develop surya, you can install it manually:

Benchmarks

OCR

Benchmark chart

Model Time per page (s) Avg similarity (⬆)
surya .62 0.97
tesseract .45 0.88

Full language results

Tesseract is CPU-based, and surya is CPU or GPU. I tried to cost-match the resources used, so I used a 1xA6000 (48GB VRAM) for surya, and 28 CPU cores for Tesseract (same price on Lambda Labs/DigitalOcean).

Methodology

I measured normalized sentence similarity (0-1, higher is better) based on a set of real-world and synthetic pdfs. I sampled PDFs from common crawl, then filtered out the ones with bad OCR. I couldn’t find PDFs for some languages, so I also generated simple synthetic PDFs for those.

I used the reference line bboxes from the PDFs with both tesseract and surya, to just evaluate the OCR quality.

Text line detection

Benchmark chart

Model Time (s) Time per page (s) precision recall
surya 52.6892 0.205817 0.844426 0.937818
tesseract 74.4546 0.290838 0.631498 0.997694

Tesseract is CPU-based, and surya is CPU or GPU. I ran the benchmarks on a system with an A6000 GPU, and a 32 core CPU. This was the resource usage:

  • tesseract - 32 CPU cores, or 8 workers using 4 cores each
  • surya - 32 batch size, for 9GB VRAM usage

Methodology

Surya predicts line-level bboxes, while tesseract and others predict word-level or character-level. It’s hard to find 100% correct datasets with line-level annotations. Merging bboxes can be noisy, so I chose not to use IoU as the metric for evaluation.

I instead used coverage, which calculates:

  • Precision - how well the predicted bboxes cover ground truth bboxes
  • Recall - how well ground truth bboxes cover predicted bboxes

First calculate coverage for each bbox, then add a small penalty for double coverage, since we want the detection to have non-overlapping bboxes. Anything with a coverage of 0.5 or higher is considered a match.

Then we calculate precision and recall for the whole dataset.

Running your own benchmarks

You can benchmark the performance of surya on your machine.

  • Follow the manual install instructions above.
  • poetry install --group dev - installs dev dependencies

Text line detection

This will evaluate tesseract and surya for text line detection across a randomly sampled set of images from doclaynet.

python benchmark/detection.py --max 256
  • --max controls how many images to process for the benchmark
  • --debug will render images and detected bboxes
  • --pdf_path will let you specify a pdf to benchmark instead of the default data
  • --results_dir will let you specify a directory to save results to instead of the default one

Text recognition

This will evaluate surya and optionally tesseract on multilingual pdfs from common crawl (with synthetic data for missing languages).

python benchmark/recognition.py --tesseract
  • --max controls how many images to process for the benchmark
  • --debug 2 will render images with detected text
  • --results_dir will let you specify a directory to save results to instead of the default one
  • --tesseract will run the benchmark with tesseract. You have to run sudo apt-get install tesseract-ocr-all to install all tesseract data, and set TESSDATA_PREFIX to the path to the tesseract data folder.
  • Set RECOGNITION_BATCH_SIZE=864 to use the same batch size as the benchmark.

Training

Text detection was trained on 4x A6000s for 3 days. It used a diverse set of images as training data. It was trained from scratch using a modified segformer architecture that reduces inference RAM requirements.

Text recognition was trained on 4x A6000s for 2 weeks. It was trained using a modified donut model (GQA, MoE layer, UTF-16 decoding, layer config changes).

Commercial usage

The text detection and OCR models were trained from scratch, so they’re okay for commercial usage. The weights are licensed cc-by-nc-sa-4.0, but I will waive that for any organization under $5M USD in gross revenue in the most recent 12-month period.

If you want to remove the GPL license requirements for inference or use the weights commercially over the revenue limit, please contact me at surya@vikas.sh for dual licensing.

Thanks

This work would not have been possible without amazing open source AI work:

Thank you to everyone who makes open source AI possible.