Model card below.
Notus is a collection of fine-tuned models using Direct Preference Optimization (DPO) and related RLHF techniques. This model is the first version, fine-tuned with DPO over zephyr-7b-sft-full, which is the SFT model produced to create zephyr-7b-beta.
Following a data-first approach, the only difference between Notus-7B-v1 and Zephyr-7B-beta is the preference dataset used for dDPO.
In particular, when we started building distilabel, we invested time understanding and deep-diving into the UltraFeedback dataset. Using Argilla, we’ve found data issues in the original UltraFeedback dataset, leading to high-scores for bad responses (more details in the training data section). After curating several hundreds of data points, we decided to binarize the dataset using the preference ratings, instead of the original critique overall_score, and verified the new dataset with Argilla.
Using preference ratings, instead of critiques scores, led to a new dataset where the chosen response is different in ~50% of the cases. Using this new dataset with DPO we fine-tuned Notus, a 7B model, that surpasses Zephyr-7B-beta and Claude 2 on AlpacaEval.
Important note: While we opted for the average of multi-aspect ratings, while we fix the original dataset, a very interesting open question remains: once critique data is fixed, what works better? using the critique scores or the preference ratings? We’re very excited to do this comparison in the coming weeks, stay tuned!
This model wouldn’t have been possible without the amazing Alignment Handbook, OpenBMB for releasing the Ultrafeedback dataset, and it’s based on fruitful discussions with the HuggingFace H4 team. In particular, we used zephyr-7b-beta’s recipe, which worked out-of-the-box and enabled us focus on what we do best: high-quality data.
Notus models are intended to be used as assistants via chat-like applications, and are evaluated with Chat (MT-Bench, AlpacaEval) and Academic (Open LLM Leaderboard) benchmarks for a direct comparison with the original Zephyr dDPO model and other 7B models.
Why Notus?: Notus name comes from the ancient Greek god Notus, as a wink to Zephyr, which comes from the ancient Greek god Zephyrus; with the difference that Notus is the god of the south wind, and Zephyr the god of the west wind. More information at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anemoi.