Push a model to Replicate
Learn how to package your own trained model using Cog and push it to Replicate.
You can make your model public so that other people can run it, or you can make it private so that only you can run it.
- A trained model in a directory on your computer. Your model's saved weights, alongside any code that is needed to run it. If you don't already have your own trained model, you can use one from replicate/cog-examples.
- macOS or Linux. You'll be using the Cog command-line tool to build and push your model. Cog works on macOS and Linux, but doesn't currently support Windows.
- Docker. Cog uses Docker to create a container for your model. You'll need to install Docker before you can run Cog.
Create a Replicate account
Pushing models to Replicate is currently in closed beta while we iron out the wrinkles. If you don't have a invite, come talk to us in Discord or send an email to email@example.com and tell us what you're thinking of making.
Create a model page
Next you'll create a page for your model on Replicate. Visit replicate.com/create to choose a name for your model, and specify whether it should be public or private.
Cog is an open source tool that makes it easy to put a machine learning model in a Docker container. Run the following command to install it:
sudo curl -o /usr/local/bin/cog -L https://github.com/replicate/cog/releases/latest/download/cog_`uname -s`_`uname -m` sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/cog
Refer to GitHub for more information about Cog and its full documentation.
To configure your project for use with Cog, you'll need to add two files to the directory containing your model:
cog.yamldefines system requirements, Python package dependencies, etc
predict.pydescribes the prediction interface for your model
cog init command to generate these files in your project:
cd path/to/your/model cog init
Define your dependencies
cog.yaml file defines all of the different things that need to be installed for your model to run. You can think of it as a simple way of defining a Docker image.
build: python_version: "3.8" python_packages: - "torch==1.7.0"
This will generate a Docker image with Python 3.8 and PyTorch 1.7 installed and various other sensible best practices.
To use GPUs, add the
gpu: true option to the
build section of your
build: gpu: true # ...
Cog will use the nvidia-docker base image and automatically figure out what versions of CUDA and cuDNN to use based on the version of Python, PyTorch, and Tensorflow that you're using.
To run a command inside this environment, prefix it with
$ cog run python ✓ Building Docker image from cog.yaml... Successfully built 8f54020c8981 Running 'python' in Docker with the current directory mounted as a volume... ──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────── Python 3.8.10 (default, May 12 2021, 23:32:14) [GCC 9.3.0] on linux Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information. >>>
This is handy for ensuring a consistent environment for development or training.
cog.yaml, you can also install system packages and other things. Take a look at the full reference to explore what else you can do.
Define how to run predictions
The next step is to update
predict.py to define the interface for running predictions on your model. The
predict.py generated by
cog init looks something like this:
from cog import BasePredictor, Path, Input import torch class Predictor(BasePredictor): def setup(self): """Load the model into memory to make running multiple predictions efficient""" self.net = torch.load("weights.pth") def predict(self, image: Path = Input(description="Image to enlarge"), scale: float = Input(description="Factor to scale image by", default=1.5) ) -> Path: """Run a single prediction on the model""" # ... pre-processing ... output = self.net(input) # ... post-processing ... return output
predict.py file and fill in the functions with your own model's setup and prediction code. You might need to import parts of your model from another file.
You should keep your model weights in the same directory as your
predict.py file, or a subdirectory underneath it, and load them directly off disk in your
setup() function, as shown in the example above. This will make it more efficient to load and easier to version because it will get copied into the Docker image that Cog produces.
You also need to define the inputs to your model as arguments to the
predict() function, as demonstrated above. For each argument, you need to annotate with a type. The supported types are:
str: a string
int: an integer
float: a floating point number
bool: a boolean
cog.File: a file-like object representing a file
cog.Path: a path to a file on disk
You can provide more information about the input with the
Input() function, as shown above. It takes these basic arguments:
description: A description of what to pass to this input for users of the model
default: A default value to set the input to. If this argument isn't passed, then the input is required. If it's explicitly set to
None, the input is optional.
floattypes, the value should be greater than or equal to this number.
floattypes, the value should be less than or equal to this number.
inttypes, a list of possible values for this input.
There are some more advanced options you can pass, too. For more details, refer to the prediction interface documentation.
Next, add the line
predict: "predict.py:Predictor" to your
cog.yaml, so it looks something like this:
build: python_version: "3.8" python_packages: - "torch==1.7.0" predict: "predict.py:Predictor"
Test your model locally
To test that this works, try running a prediction on the model:
$ cog predict -i firstname.lastname@example.org ✓ Building Docker image from cog.yaml... Successfully built 664ef88bc1f4 ✓ Model running in Docker image 664ef88bc1f4 Written output to output.png
To pass more inputs to the model, you can add more
$ cog predict -i email@example.com -i scale=2.0
In this case it's just a number, not a file, so you don't need the
Push your model
Now that you've configured your model for use with Cog, it's time to publish it to the Replicate registry:
cog login cog push r8.im/your-username/your-model
Note: You can also set the image property in your
cog.yaml file. This allows you to run
cog push without specifying the image, and also makes your Replicate model page more discoverable for folks reading your model's source code.
Once you've pushed your model to Replicate it will be visible on the website, and you can use the web-based form to run predictions using your model.
To run predictions in the cloud from your code, you can use the Python client library.
Install it from pip:
pip install replicate
Authenticate by setting your token in an environment variable:
Then, you can use the model from your Python code:
$ python >>> import replicate >>> model = replicate.models.get("replicate/hello-world") >>> model.predict(text="python") "hello python"
To pass a file as an input, use a file handle or URL:
>>> model = replicate.models.get("replicate/resnet") >>> model.predict(image=open("mystery.jpg", "rb")) # or... >>> model.predict(image="https://example.com/mystery.jpg")
URLs are more efficient if your file is already in the cloud somewhere, or it's a large file.
If your model returns a file, it will be represented as a URL in the output. To fetch the files, you'll need to pass an
Authorization: Token <token> header to securely fetch the file, as documented in the HTTP API reference. (We're working on a better Python API for fetching files.)
For more details, head to the full documentation on GitHub.
You can also run your model with the raw HTTP API. Refer to the HTTP API reference for more details.